We understand the appeal of having big, full lips like Kylie Jenner… but we’re not so sure about this #KylieJennerChallenge. Girls, please don’t hurt yourselves with shot glasses. Or, at the very least, make sure you catch it all on camera.
One young lady did just that. And the results, well, they may just blow your mind.
For those not in the know, the #KylieJennerChallenge involves people — mostly young women — putting their lips in a small container, usually a shot glass. Keep your lips in their and suck all the air out to get bruised, swollen, painful lips. Sounds fun, right? The things some will do for fashion…
Mothers who return to work after their baby is born risk causing serious damage to the child’s prospects in later life, researchers revealed yesterday.
Such children are more likely to do worse at school, become unemployed and to suffer mental stress than youngsters whose mothers stay at home to bring them up.
The findings from the Institute for Social and Economic Research are a severe blow to the Government, which has used the tax and benefit system to encourage mothers to work while stripping away tax breaks such as the Married Couple’s Allowance.
They are an endorsement of the instincts of thousands of women who either give up work or drastically cut down their job commitments to devote most of their time to raising a young child.
According to the study, the impact of having a full-time working mother on a child’s education is similar to growing up in a single-parent family. If a mother returns to work, say the researchers, the child is 20 per-cent less likely to get an A-level.
They also reject the idea that a child is helped if the father stays at home, showing that his absence has little effect on the child’s educational success.
The research, published yesterday by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, followed the lives of 1,263 young people across all social groups who were born in the 1970s.
Researchers attempted to allow for other factors such as income, the parents’ education and family break-up, and made comparisons of the performance of brothers and sisters.
It found that the children between one and five whose mothers worked for the longest periods tended to have lower educational attainment, greater risk of unemployment as a young adult, and a greater risk of psychological distress.
In only one field were the children better off than most others: Daughters of working mothers were less likely to become teenage mothers themselves.
The findings showed that the average mother during the 1970s and early 1980s worked for 18 months full-time before her child was five.
Nearly two thirds of their children, 64 per cent, achieved at least one A-level or equivalent qualification.
However, among mothers who worked for a longer period – 30 months and over before their child was five – only 52 per cent of the children achieved one A-level pass.
The likelihood of unemployment rose from seven to nine per cent for those whose mothers had worked full-time, and the chance of psychological stress went up from 23 per cent to 28 per cent.
Part-time work had much less damaging effects on children. The child’s chance of passing an A-level fell by six per cent, but there was no evidence of other harm.
Fathers who worked full-time had a similar impact on their children’s development to mothers who worked part-time. But their children were less likely than others to be unemployed later in life and less likely to show signs of mental distress.
Study author Professor John Ermisch said increases in family income were positive for children and could offset the damage of a full-time working mother.
But he added: ‘Unless it can be shown to produce substantial long-term gains, it might be better for policy makers to encourage part-time employment by one parent during a child’s pre-school years.
‘The large proportion of employed mothers with young children who are in part-time jobs is evidence that many mothers already prefer this option.’
Conservative social security spokesman David Willetts said: ‘This shows how wrong the Goverment is to bias the tax and benefits system in favour of two-earner couples and institutionalised child care.
‘We believe that parents with young children should be free to choose whether and when they return to work.’
Robert Whelan, of the Civitas think-tank, said: ‘This calls into question the whole policy
of encouraging women to go out to work and disadvantaging those who stay at home.
‘If you stay at home, everything in the tax and benefit system is ranged against you. The whole system should be reversed.’
But the Department for Education and Employment dismissed the findings, claiming that the development of childcare improves the educational chances of children of working mothers.
It said a study of more than 2,000 children had ‘shown that quality pre-school and child-care has a positive impact on children’s education’.
‘This report is based on children born 30 years ago when there was little quality child-care and nursery education.
‘This Government has changed that by creating the largest ever expansion of childcare,’ a spokesman said.
Meanwhile, a U.S. study has found that growing up in a clean home can boost youngsters’ exam grades and even the salaries they earn as adults.
The study of 3,400 volunteers over 25 years found that the length of time a child stayed in education and their future earnings was directly linked to the hygiene in their homes.
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